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 Monday, January 08, 2007

Dear ITU-D SG2 Rapportuer?s Group Q10-2/2 members,

A Happy New Year and Best Wishes for 2007 to all of you.

By the kind invitation of Indonesian Administration, RGQ10-2/2 will hold the meeting in Badung 26-27 March 2007 together with the workshop on ?disaster communications? 28 March, and RGQ22-2/2 on ?disaster communications? 29-30 March.

Taking this opportunity , I would like to invite you to actively participate in the e-discussion which was approved by the last ITU-D SG2 meeting in autumn 2006. Also I would encourage you to contribute case studies to the forthcoming meeting using the format in the following ITU-D website http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/CDS/gq/sgq10-2-2.html as approved by the said SG2 meeting. Your input could make the forthcoming meeting productive and beneficial. Indonesian Administration is now collaborating with BDT for facilitating as many delegates as possible to participate in the meeting including provision of fellowship for the LDC participants.

The following is the new arrangements to facilitate the e-discussion members to participates in the e-discussion on 10 different topics authorized by the SG2 meeting(Ref. SG2 and RGQ10 report http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/study_groups/SGP_2006-2010/SG2/SG2-index.html ). Mr. Yukio Miyoshi(contracted consultant with the BDT e-strategy unit) and myself in collaboration with IT department of BDT and under the support of Mr. Alexander Ntoko are promoting e-discussion according to the work plan of the Q10-2/2 for the period of 2006-2010.

Q10 Group has the web log page at http://www.itu.int/ituweblogs/ITU-D-SG2-Q10/ since last year. Some of the participants to E-discussion might find using the web log not appropriate for their working environment. Access speed to the internet is insufficient, or may not check the web log pages frequently.

We established a E-mail distribution address, q10fora@pj9.so-net.ne.jp, for automatic distributions of your inputs to all participants. These inputs could be a simple opinion, an input to be posted on the Weblog, or any other e-mail, so long as those documents are supposed to be read by the E-discussion participants. Please do not send e-mails which are personal or intended to be received by the part of the E-discussion group, because the redistribution of your e-mail through q10fora@pj9.so-net.ne.jp is automatic.

E-mails thus sent to the above address will be distributed to the current participants of about 70 people, including your e-mail address. The contents will be later posted on the Q10 web log page by administrator (Mr. Miyoshi). If these automatic mails should be sent to your different E-mail address or if you prefer not to receive it, please let me know at kawasumi-yasuhiko@s3.dion.ne.jp.

This new feature will supplement the Weblog functions for easy confirmation of what discussion is going on. Also we expect this facilitates exchange of opinions by using normal e-mail correspondence method among all the registered participants.

 

Yasuhiko KAWSUMI

Rapporteur for Q10-2/2 on ?Telecommunications for Rural and Remote Areas?

kawasumi-yasuhiko@s3.dion.ne.jp

(Yukio Miyoshi, Contracted administrator, ymiyoshi@pj9.so-net.ne.jp)

Monday, January 08, 2007 10:21:29 AM (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments [0]  | 
 Monday, June 19, 2006

Jorge Mesía ? Perú

 

Topic 3:  Rural technology for Social infrastructure

Facilitator: SANZ CABRERA Julian,  julian@telan.co.cu

 

Topic 5:  Technologies for Rural Telecommunications - Sustainability/Reliability/Effectiveness

Facilitator: SHARMA Sapna,  sapnatrai@gmail.com

 

Topic 8B:  Community participation in infrastructure

Facilitator: HECTOR Paul, phector@uneca.org

 

Topic 5:

In Peru VSAT technology has been so far the most used technology for expansion of telephone service and Internet access to remote rural areas. However, for some particular requirements of communities of certain regions, other technologies as Wi-fi are suitable. As an example I am submitting to the Facilitator Mr. SHARMA Sapna, a summary of the Agricultural Information Project for Farmers of the Chancay-Huaral Valley (80 kilometres north of the capital Lima), using Wi-fi technology, which offers the valley communities up-to-date information on agricultural market prices and trends. This pilot project also provides vital links between local organizations in charge of water irrigation, enabling them to coordinate their actions for using this important resource.

 

Topic 3:

In Peru VSAT technology has been so far the most used technology for expansion of telephone service and Internet access to remote rural areas due manly the sparse an isolated small rural towns all around the country. However, for some particular requirements of communities of a certain region, other technologies as Wi-fi are suitable, for creating social-economical infrastructure for the development of communities. As an example I am submitting to the Facilitator Mr. SANZ CABRERA Julian, a summary of the Agricultural Information Project for Farmers of the Chancay-Huaral Valley (80 kilometres north of the capital Lima), which offers the valley communities up-to-date information on agricultural market prices and trends. This pilot project also provides vital links between local organizations in charge of water irrigation, enabling them to coordinate their actions for using this important resource.

 

Topic 8B:

As an example of projects with Community participation in infrastructure I am submitting to the Facilitator Mr. HECTOR Paul, a summary of the Agricultural Information Project for Farmers of the Chancay-Huaral Valley (80 kilometres north of Lima, the capital of Peru), using Wi-fi technology, which includes a very close participation of the benefit communities for solving their agricultural requirements. The project offers the valley communities up-to-date information on agricultural market prices and trends. This pilot project also provides vital links between local organizations in charge of water irrigation, enabling them to coordinate their actions for using this important resource.

 

 

Monday, June 19, 2006 3:36:12 AM (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments [1]  | 
 Tuesday, May 30, 2006

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION HUARAL PROJECT - PERU

 

May 22, 2006

Jorge Mesia

OSIPTEL-PERU

 

For financing of the Project, OSIPTEL (THE PERUVIAN TELECOM REGULATOR) awarded funds of FITEL (FUND OF INVESTMENTS IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS FOR RURAL AREAS ? UNIVERSAL ACCESS AND SERVICE FUNDS) to The non-government organization named ?Peruvian Centre for Social Studies? (CEPES). This financing is of character of "no reimbursable". The granted financing was used in the implementation of the proposed activities by CEPES, as well as in the acquisition and installation of infrastructure of telecommunications for the information modules of the 14 localities of the Project.

 

The components of the Project are the following ones:

(i)                   Software for the Agrarian Information system;

(ii)                 Management of the Agrarian Information system;

(iii)                Technical trainning;

(iv)               Acquisition and installation of the infrastructure of telecommunications.

 

Population:

*   Directly benefited

*   Indirectly benefited

 

6,000 hab. (farmers)

13,700 hab. (students and public in general)

 

Main obligations of CEPES

 

  • Carry out completely all the stipulated activities of the Project, considering that the development of such activities will contribute to the self-sustainability of the project.
  • Economical contribution valorized in US$11,280.39 for affording activities of technical training and the study of evaluation of the environmental impact of the Project.
  • To submit quarterly reports regarding the products or results of the activities, within the terms established in the Contract of Financing.
  • To submit reports regarding evolution of indicators of project's impact defined in the profile of the project, within the terms established in the Contract of Financing.
  • Before the third year of operation of the Project, to transfer the infrastructure of telecommunications to the local agricultural organization in charge of coordination of using the river?s water irrigation resources of the Chancay-Huaral Valley.

 

Obligations of OSIPTEL (FITEL):

 

  • Carry out the payments of the no-reimbursable financing, in the terms and chronogram defined in the Contract of Financing.
  • The financing of FITEL is as described below:

 

INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS and SERVICES - OSIPTEL-FITEL CONTRIBUTION:

 

CEPES-HUARAL PROJECT

 

OSIPTEL-FITEL CONTRIBUTION

US$

Infrastructure

119,687.32

  • Payment in advance against the account of the purchases and installations of the network of telecommunications

 

76,416.00

  • Payment against surrender of accounts of the purchase and installation of infrastructure

36,416.00

  • Payment for additional infrastructure

6,855.32

Services

42,407.60

  • First payment in advance

28,991.76

  • Second payment

10,355.14

  • Third payment

3,060.70

 

162,094.92

 

The infrastructure of telecommunications is for the fourteen (14) localities that the Project comprises

 

The detail of the additional infrastructure included in Table shown above, to which FITEL has contributed with USS 6.855,32, is shown below (the balance of USS.500.88 to complete the required total amount of USS 7.356,20, was put by CEPES).

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS:

 

Ítem

Descripción

Cant.

Precio (US$.)

P Telephone Switch Allti-X

·    IP Swith, expandable up to 20 ports. It includes PC.

  • 12 IP extensions.
  • 4 CO trunks.

·    Installation, programming, put into operation and training.

The IP Switch works in Linux and is a software of open code.

1

2,745.50

Telephone adapters (ATAs) and accessories

 

·    2-ports telephone adapters (ATA.).

·    Accessories:

  • Gateway Welltech - 4 FXO ports.

o        10 pairs Block.

o        Protector of trunks R4C1FS

Installation, programming, put into operation and training.

12

2,646.86

HP Server -Proliant ML 110

·    Server with 2 Intel Pentium IV processors of 3.2GHz

·    RAM of 1.25MB.

·    HD 36.4GB, Ultra 320 SCSI.

·    LAN card PCI 10/100/1000 WOL Gigabit Etjernet.

·    CD ROM 48X IDE, 5U tower form factor.

CD external writer Omega 52x32x52.

1

1,963.84

Total

 

 

7,356.20

 

 

COSTS SUMMARY:

Concept

Amount US$

Infrastructure and services (OSIPTEL-FITEL)

$ 162,094.92

Additional Infrastructure (OSIPTEL-FITEL)

$ 6,855.32

Computers (CEPES)

$ 11,280.39

Additional Infrastructure (CEPES)

$ 500.88

Total:

$180,731.51

 

 

INSTALLED TELECOMMUNICATION EQUIPMENTS:

 

a) Central Point: Huaral premises

 

Were installed the following equipments and accessories:

      • 04 Grid semi-parabolic antennas of 24 dBi 2.4GHz
      • 05 radios (AIRNET Bridge 11 Mb WATERPROOF/POE High Power)    
      • 01 multipoint antenna of 12 dBi 2.4GHz
      • Cables and accessories

 

Tower is pole type, 39 meters high.

 

b) Typical terminal: for example, of the Chancayllo Premises

 

Were installed the following equipments and accessories:

      • 01 Grid semi-parabolic antenna of 19 dBi 2.4GHz
      • 01 radio AIRNET Bridge 11 Mb WATERPROOF/POE High Power
      • Cables and accessories.

 

Tower is pole type, 30 meters high, mounted on the roof of a building next to the shelter of equipments.

 

c) Typical repeater: for example, of Laura repeater.

 

Were installed the following equipments and accessories:

      • 02 Grid semi-parabolic antennas of 24 dBi 2.4GHz
      • 02 radios AIRNET Bridge 11 Mb WATERPROOF/POE High Power
      • Cables and accessories.

 

Tower is pole type, 36 meters high, mounted on the roof of the building where the equipments are sheltered.

 

Description of IP Network and Voice over IP

 

The technology of VoIP digitizes the voice analog signal and compresses it to 5.3 / 6.3 kbps (G.723), 8 kbps (G.729), 64 Kbps (G.711), etc. The equipments has been configured to use the algorithm of G.723 compression to 6,3 kbps by voice channel.

 

Gateways of voice used can be administered locally (console port) or remotely (telnet).

 

In order to make simpler the task of memorizing the ips of each of the organizations of water irrigation, an identifier has been used (from 22 to 34 , each corresponding to the telephone number of each place).

 

The ?user? and ?password? of the VoIP router, are: "eitg" and "huarcep ##" (# # corresponds to the identifier assigned to the organizations of water irrigation), respectively.

 

 

VOICE OVER IP DIAGRAM - HUARAL

> 

 

> 

 

> 

 

 

CODECS SUPPORT

Supplier : Local dealer ?Telecomunicaciones Computación y Control S.A..?

 

The Switch ALLTI-X supports the following codecs:

GSM

G.729 (optional)

G.723 (only transport)

G.711 A-Law

G.711 Mu-Law

ILBC

LPC-10

MP3 (decoding only)

 

SUPPORT OF PROTOCOLS IP

The Switch ALLTI-X supports the following protocols:

H323

SIP

IAX

 

IP Switch ALLTI-X  ? User Manual

Supplier : Local dealer ?Telecomunicaciones Computación y Control S.A..?

 

MGCP

Notice. - Although system ALLTI-X can support these protocols, TCC S.A. only offers SIP and IAX in its standard configuration.

TELEPHONE INTERFACES

Switch ALLTI-X works with the following interfaces of telephony:

 

FSX: FXO: For connection to a power station E&M: For connection to systems of transmission T1: For digital connection of 24 E1 channels: For digital connection of 30 channels PRI: For connection ISDN of 30 channels BRI: For connection ISDN of 2 channels

 

FSX : For connection to an analog telephone

FXO : For connection to a telephone Switch

E&M : For connection to systems of transmission

T1 : For digital connection of 24 channels

E1 : For digital connection of 30 channels

PRI : For connection ISDN of 30 channels

BRI : For connection ISDN of 2 channels

 

The standard configurations are as follows:

AlltiX20 20 ports

AlltiX32 32 ports

AlltiX64 64 ports

AlttiX128 128 ports

 

Description of some obligations of CEPES

 

Software para el Sistema de Información Agraria (SIA)

 

CEPES has been responsible to carry out the activities for the elaboration and beginning of operation of the data base and the program that will administer the agrarian information and will provide information through Internet to the agriculturists of the organizations in charge of water irrigation. In addition, CEPES has developed software components additional to the required with the purpose of facilitating the tasks of the administrators of the Telecenters.

 

Scope:

 

A system of registry for the Telecenters was designed, which will facilitate the invoicing processes, handling of promotions and administration in general. This software allows:

 

  • Statistical data of the use of the Telecenters and its services.
  • Controlling the access to the PCs and to Internet.
  • Storing and administering the profiles of users.
  • Preliminary information of incomes.

 

The handling of this software is simple, generally through the presentation of graphs; is escalable (control of 100 or more PCs), being able to be remotely controlled.

 

At the moment this software is being tested in five (05) Telecenters: Palpa, Retes Naturales, Chancay Bajo, Chancay Alto y Boza-Aucallama.

 

Technical training (324 hours of training at Huaral).

 

CEPES carried out the activities for the training of the administrators and operators of the network, most of which are personnel of the organizations in charge of water irrigation. Emphasis in the training of Radio equipments was put, thanks to which the costs of maintenance of these equipments will be eliminated because the organizations in charge of water irrigation and its personnel previously trained will assume them.

 

Covered points:

 

 

Qualification of Administrators

 

CEPES fulfilled the dictation of three (03) courses.

 

Scope:

 

For the Administrators of the Telecenters was deepened the knowledge of:

 

  • Intranet of the Agrarian Information system
  • Voice over IP (VoIP)
  • Free Software and proprietary software

 

 

Qualification of Operators

 

CEPES fulfilled with the dictation of three (03) courses.

 

Scope:

 

   For the Operators of the Telecenters was deepened the knowledge of:

 

  • Intranet of the Agrarian Information system
  • Voice over IP (VoIP)
  • IP Switch

 

 

Jorge Mesia ? Peru

 

Tuesday, May 30, 2006 3:09:12 PM (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments [0]  | 
 Saturday, February 11, 2006

INFORMACIÓN ADICIONAL PROYECTO HUARAL ? PERU

Febrero 1, 2006

Jorge Mesía

OSIPTEL-PERU

 

Para el financiamiento del Proyecto, OSIPTEL adjudicó fondos de FITEL a CEPES. Dicho financiamiento es de carácter de ?no reembolsable?.

 

El financiamiento otorgado se utilizó en la implementación de las actividades propuestas por CEPES, así como en la adquisición e instalación de infraestructura de telecomunicaciones para los módulos de información de las 14 localidades del Proyecto.

 

Los componentes del Proyecto son los siguientes:

 

(i)                    Software para el Sistema de Información Agraria;

(ii)                  Gestión del Sistema de Información Agraria;

(iii)                 Capacitación Técnica;

(iv)                Adquisición e instalación de la infraestructura de telecomunicaciones.

 

Población:

*   Directamente beneficiada

*   Indirectamente beneficiada

 

6,000 hab. (agricultores)

13,700 hab. (estudiantes y público en general)

 

 

Principales obligaciones de CEPES

 

Entre otras, las principales obligaciones de CEPES fueron:

 

  • Desarrollar íntegramente todas las actividades estipuladas en el Proyecto, teniendo en cuenta que el desarrollo de los mismos contribuirán con el auto-sostenimiento del mismo.
  • Cumplir con el aporte a las actividades de capacitación Técnica y Evaluación de Impacto, valorizado en US$ 11,280.39.
  • Presentar informes y reportes trimestrales referentes a los productos de las actividades, dentro de los plazos establecidos en el Contrato de Financiamiento.
  • Presentar informes de seguimiento referentes a los indicadores de impacto definidos en el perfil del proyecto, dentro de los plazos establecidos en el Contrato de Financiamiento.
  • Antes del tercer año de funcionamiento del Proyecto Piloto, transferir la infraestructura de telecomunicaciones a la Junta de Usuarios del Distrito de Riego Chancay-Huaral.

 

Obligaciones de OSIPTEL

 

  • Cumplir con los desembolsos del financiamiento no reembolsable, en los términos y plazos acordados en el Contrato de Financiamiento.
  • El financiamiento del FITEL se describe a continuación:

 

COSTOS INFRAESTRUCTURA Y SERVICIOS-CONTRIBUCIÓN DE OSIPTEL-FITEL:

PROYECTO ? CEPES-HUARAL

 

CONTRIBUCIÓN OSIPTEL

US$

Infraestructura

119,687.32

  • Pago a cuenta adelanto compra e instalación de red de telecomunicaciones

76,416.00

  • Pago contra rendición de cuentas de la compra e instalación de infraestructura

36,416.00

  • Pago por infraestructura adicional

6,855.32

Servicios

42,407.60

  • Primer pago a cuenta

28,991.76

  • Segundo pago a cuenta

10,355.14

  • Tercer pago a cuenta

3,060.70

 

162,094.92

 

La infraestructura de telecomunicaciones es para las catorce (14) localidades que forman parte del Proyecto, ubicándola dentro de los locales acordados.

 

La infraestructura adicional incluida en el Cuadro de arriba, a la que contribuyó FITEL con US$ 6,855.32 se detalla a continuación (el saldo de US$.500.88 para completar los US$ 7,356.20 requeridos, los puso CEPES):

 

COSTOS INFRAESTRUCTURA ADICIONAL:

 

 

Ítem

Descripción

Cant.

Precio (US$.)

Central Telefónica IP Allti-X

·    Central IP expandible hasta 20 puertos. Incluye PC.

  • 12 anexos IP.
  • 4 troncales CO.

·    Instalación, programación, puesta en funcionamiento y capacitación.

La Central IP trabaja en Linux y es un software de código abierto.

1

2,745.50

Adaptadores Telefónicos (ATAs) y accesorios

·    Adaptador telefónicos (ATA.) de 2 puertos.

·    Accesorios:

  • Gateway Welltech 4 puertos FXO.

o        Block de 10 pares.

o        Protector de troncales R4C1FS

Instalación, programación, puesta en funcionamiento y capacitación.

12

2,646.86

Servidor HP Proliant ML 110

·    Servidor con 2 procesadores Intel Pentium IV de 3.2GHz.

·    1.25MB de RAM.

·    HD 36.4GB, Ultra 320 SCSI.

·    Tarjeta de Red PCI 10/100/1000 WOL Gigabit Etjernet.

·    CD ROM 48X IDE, 5U tower form factor.

Grabador de CDs externo IOmega 52x32x52.

1

1,963.84

TOTAL

 

 

US$ 7,356.20

 

 

 

RESUMEN DE COSTOS:

 

Concepto

Monto en US$

Infraestructura y servicios (OSIPTEL-FITEL)

$ 162,094.92

Infraestructura adicional (OSIPTEL-FITEL)

$ 6,855.32

Computadoras (CEPES)

$ 11,280.39

Equipos adicionales (CEPES)

$ 500.88

Total:

$180,731.51

 

EQUIPOS DE COMUNICACIONES INSTALADOS:

 

a) Punto Central: Local  Huaral

 

Se instalaron los siguientes equipos y accesorios:

      • 04 antenas Grid semi-parabolica de 24 dBi 2.4GHz
      • 05 radios (AIRNET Bridge 11 Mb WATERPROOF/POE High Power)    
      • 01 antena multipunto de 12 dBi 2.4GHz
      • Cables y Accesorios

 

La torre tiene una altura de 39 metros, montada en el suelo de  dicho local.

 

b) Terminal típico: Ejemplo, del  Local Chancayllo

 

Se instalaron los siguientes equipos y accesorios:

      • 01 antena Grid semi-parabolica de 19 dBi 2.4GHz
      • 01 radio AIRNET Bridge 11 Mb WATERPROOF/POE High Power
      • Cables y accesorios

La torre tiene una altura de 30 metros, montada sobre el 2do piso de una casa vecina.

 

c) Repetidor típico: Ejemplo, Repetidor Laura.

 

Se utilizaron e instalaron los siguientes equipos y accesorios:

      • 02 antenas Grid semi-parabolica de 24 dBi 2.4GHz
      • 02 radios AIRNET Bridge 11 Mb WATERPROOF/POE High Power
      • Cables y accesorios.

La torre que se utilizó tiene una altura de 36 metros, montada sobre el techo de  dicho local.

 

Descripción de la  Red IP y de Voz sobre IP

 

La tecnología de VoIP digitaliza la señal analógica de voz y la comprime a 5.3 / 6.3 kbps (G.723), 8 kbps (G.729), 64 Kbps (G.711), etc. Los equipos han sido configurados para utilizar el algoritmo de compresión G.723 a 6.3 kbps por canal de voz.

 

Los gateways de voz utilizados pueden ser administrados de manera local (puerto de consola) o remotamente (telnet).

 

Para hacer mas sencilla la tarea de memorizar los ips de cada una de las comisiones de regantes se ha utilizado un identificador (del 22 al 34 correspondiente al numero de teléfono de cada lugar)

El user y password de los VoIP router: ?eitg? y ?huarcep##? (## corresponde al identificador asignado a la comisión de regantes) respectivamente.

 

 

 

 

 

  

  

SOPORTE DE CODECS

Telecomunicaciones Computación y Control S.A.

La Central ALLTI-X soporta los siguientes codecs:

GSM

G.729 (opcional)

G.723 (solo transporte)

G.711 A-Law

G.711 Mu-Law

ILBC

LPC-10

MP3 (solo decodificación)

 

SOPORTE DE PROTOCOLOS IP

La Central ALLTI-X soporta los siguientes protocolos:

H323

SIP

IAX

 

Manual de Usuario de la Central IP ALLTI-X

Telecomunicaciones Computación y Control S.A.

MGCP

Nota.- Si bien el sistema ALLTI-X puede soportar estos protocolos, TCC S.A. Solo ofrece SIP y IAX en su configuración estándar.

INTERFACES DE TELEFONIA

LA central ALLTI-X trabaja con las siguientes interfaces de telefonía :

FSX : Para conexión a un teléfono analógico

FXO : Para conexión a una central

E&M : Para conexión a sistemas de transmisión

T1 : Para enlace digital de 24 canales

E1 : Para enlace digital de 30 canales

PRI : Para enlace ISDN de 30 canales

BRI : Para enlace ISDN de 2 canales

 

Las configuraciones estándares son las siguientes:

AlltiX20 20 puertos

AlltiX32 32 puertos

AlltiX64 64 puertos

AlttiX128 128 puertos

 

 

Descripción de algunas obligaciones de CEPES

 

Software para el Sistema de Información Agraria (SIA)

 

CEPES ha sido responsable de llevar a cabo las actividades para la elaboración y puesta en marcha de la base de datos y el programa que administrará la información agraria y proporcionará información a través de Internet a los agricultores de la Junta de Usuarios. Además, ha desarrollado componentes de software adicionales a los requeridos con la finalidad de facilitar las tareas de los administradores de los Telecentros.

 

Alcances:

 

Se diseñó un sistema de registro para los Telecentros, el cual facilitará los procesos de facturación, manejo de promociones y de administración en general. Este software permite:

 

·         Tener estadísticas del uso de los Telecentros y de sus servicios.

·         Controlar el acceso a las PCs y a Internet.

·         Almacenar y administrar perfiles de usuarios.

·         Tener informes preliminares de ingresos.

 

El manejo de este software es sencillo, por lo general a través de la presentación de gráficos; es escalable (control de 100 o mas PCs), pudiéndose tener control de manera remota.

 

·         Actualmente este desarrollo se encuentra en calidad de prueba en cinco (05) Telecentros: Palpa, Retes Naturales, Chancay Bajo, Chancay Alto y Boza-Aucallama.

 

Capacitación Técnica (324 horas de capacitación en Huaral)

 

CEPES llevó a cabo las actividades para la capacitación de los administradores y operadores de la red, la mayoría de los cuales son personal de la Junta de Usuarios. Se puso énfasis en la capacitación de Radio Enlace, gracias a lo cual se eliminarán los costos de mantenimiento de estos equipos pues serán asumidos por la Junta de Usuarios y su personal previamente capacitado?

 

Puntos cubiertos:

 

Capacitación de Administradores

 

CEPES cumplió con el dictado de tres (03) cursos.

 

Alcances:

 

Se profundizó en los Administradores de los Telecentros los conocimientos de:

 

§         Intranet del Sistema de Información Agraria

§         Voz sobre IP (VoIP)

§         Software libre y software propiestario

 

Capacitación de Operadores

 

CEPES cumplió con con el dictado de tres (03) cursos.

 

Alcances:

 

   Se profundizó en los Operadores de los Telecentros los conocimientos de:

 

§         Intranet del Sistema de Información Agraria

§         Voz sobre IP (VoIP)

§         Central IP

 

 Jorge Mesia - Peru

 

Saturday, February 11, 2006 2:12:47 PM (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments [1]  | 
 Tuesday, January 17, 2006

Wireless Network Diagram of Huaral Project

Satellite View

Source: Report of Netkrom Technologies SAC, Lima, 2004

Jorge Mesia - Peru

 

 

 

 

Tuesday, January 17, 2006 1:28:44 AM (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments [1]  | 
 Tuesday, January 10, 2006

Submitted for Topic 1, Topic 3, Topic 5 and Topic 8B

 

Agricultural Information Project for Farmers of the Chancay-Huaral Valley

 

The pilot scheme in the Huaral Valley, 80 kilometres north of the capital Lima, aims to offer the valley communities up-to-date information on agricultural market prices and trends.

 

The Agricultural Information Project for Farmers of the Chancay-Huaral Valley also provides vital links between local organizations in charge of water irrigation, enabling them to coordinate their actions.

 

The non-government organisation Cepes (Peruvian Centre for Social Studies) led the $200,000 project, also backed by local institutions, the Education and Agriculture ministries, and European development organisations.

 

One of the institutions which supported the project was the Agency for supervision of private investments in telecommunications, in spanish the ORGANISMO SUPERVISOR DE LA INVERSION PRIVADA EN TELECOMUNICACIONES known for short as OSIPTEL. This Agency manages the Fund for Investment in Telecommunications ? FITEL which is dedicated for telecommunication developments in rural areas and those of social interest.

 

The communities comprehend more than 13,000 rural inhabitants, as well as 18,000 students in the region, that also benefit from the telecommunication infrastructure.

 

The 14 telecentres uses only free open source software and affordable computer equipment and was officially inaugurated in September 2004.

 

Summary: HUARAL VALLEY NETWORK

 

·         14 telecentres: Two in the city, with ADSL link to the national network

·         12 interconnected through Wi-fi equipment.

·         Radios: AIRNET Bridge 11 Mb WATERPROOF/POE High Power. Band: 2.4 GHz.

·         Wi-fi aerials built locally

·         One high-spec server in each centre

·         IP Telephone Swith Allti-X

·         Telephone adapters (ATAs) and accessories

·         HP Proliant ML 110 Server

·         Average five low-spec computers in each centre

·         Training as a key factor for the success of the programme

 

The Board of Irrigation Users which runs the computer centres, aims to make the network self-sustainable within three years, through the cash generated by using the telecentres as internet cafes.

 

One of the key elements of the project is the Agricultural Information System, with its website www.huaral.org , where farmers can find the prices for local products, as well as information on topics ranging from plague prevention to the latest farming techniques.

 

The system also helps the inhabitants of the Chancay-Huaral Valley to organize their vital irrigation systems. Water is the main element that unites them all. It is a precious element in Peru's coastal areas, because it is so scarce, and therefore it is necessary to have proper irrigation systems to make the most of it.

 

The information network also allows farmers to look beyond their own region, and share experiences with other colleagues from the rest of Peru and even around the world.

 

The involvement of the farmers has been key in the project's success. Throughout the last years, the people have provided a vital thrust to the project; they feel it belongs to them. The community training sessions, attended by an equal number of men and women, have been the perfect showcase for their enthusiasm. There was an excellent response, mainly from young people. But there were also a great feedback when trained 40 or 50-year old women, who were seeing a computer for the first time in their lives.

 

So far, the Huaral programme promoters say the experience has been very positive, and are already planning on spreading the model among other farmers' organisations in Peru.

 

This is a pilot project, and organizations responsible are thinking of its replication in other places.

 

As another development worth of mention arose as a necessity of one of the localities included in the project, named Cuyo, a 50-family community with no electricity, it was necessary to build a mini hydroelectric system in order to generate 2kW worth of power for the computers, the communications equipment and the cabin lights.

Jorge Mesia  - Peru

 

References

1) FITEL Project documents

2) ?Wi-fi web reaches farmers in Peru?, by Roberto Belo, BBC News website technology reporter, BBC News world edition (Web), 15 December, 2004, 09:26 GMT

 

Tuesday, January 10, 2006 5:00:12 AM (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments [1]  | 
 Friday, December 09, 2005

Topic 5:  Technologies for Rural Telecommunications - Sustainability/Reliability/Effectiveness

 

In order to provide telecommunications services in rural areas, the service provider must evaluate the cultural, geographic, political, and economic landscape of an area and decide on the technology that would be best suited for the scenario. All around the world, major telecommunications firms, small local operators, cooperatives and individuals are offering telecommunications services by using different, innovative and unique technological solutions. Some of these technologies are discussed below.

1.       Wire-line Technologies

Choosing to deploy wire-line technologies is not anachronistic, because wire-line technologies continue to be reliable and the presence of legacy utility (telephone, railway or electricity) networks in rural areas might predispose facilities owners or service providers to extend the capabilities of their present network as opposed to investing in completely new infrastructure. Thus, even with the recent growth of wireless technologies, wire-line technologies would stay ? in backhaul as well as last-mile.

1.1            Copper

In the last mile, or the local loop, the pair of copper wires would continue to be a possible medium for rural telecommunications development to provide POTS (plain old telephone service) and by employing Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) technology access to broadband services. DSL provides a digital connection over the copper wires of the local telephone network. This allows an ordinary phone line to provide digital communication without blocking access to voice services by using the unused portion of the copper wire bandwidth. A key advantage of DSL technologies is that they use existing copper twisted pair wiring and do not require new cabling. DSL speeds are affected by the distance between the subscriber and the local exchange, type of DSL technology, the gauge of the wire, etc. The technology is also influenced by the condition of the copper wire. This technology offers a dedicated amount of bandwidth that does not vary with the number of subscribers logged on in an area.

 

1.2       Power-line Communication

Power-line communication (PLC) is a simple concept that uses available power lines for telecommunication. Sending data via power line communication (PLC) can save costs since power lines form one of the most extensive networks in the world, surpassing the phone network in size and coverage. PLC uses transmission above 1 MHz over a power cable. The wide-ranging deployment of the electric power system enables PLC to reach outlying rural areas and provide data speed of transmission comparable to ADSL (Asymmetric DSL). It allows simultaneous transmission of voice and data, which means that one can make telephone calls while using the Internet. Some of the disadvantages of this technology are data signal disruption due to noise interference and attenuation over long distances, interference with radio, television, telephone, and DSL signals, etc. Another problem with PLC is that it can be difficult to avoid data being lost as it passes through the transformers and cable bridges had to be built to bypass them. Recently though, new technology has been developed that allows signals to make it directly through the transformer and is making PLC a viable option in many parts of the world.

 

1.3            Coaxial Cable

Coaxial cable is a popular transmission medium supporting RF frequencies from 50 to about 500 MHz typically used for the local distribution of cable television. Along with video signals, the coax cable can carry data signals via the DOCSIS (Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification) interface. DOCSIS supports high-speed data distribution over cable television system networks. Cable operators can thus provide a variety of high-value services through an ?always-on? internet connection, including broadband Internet connectivity, telephony, real-time interactive gaming, and video conferencing. Consumers have a low-cost way to get a broadband connection to the Internet. Cable subscribers in a small area share the same channels to send and receive data, and the amount of bandwidth users receive is directly tied to how much bandwidth their neighbors are using.

1.4       Fiber Optic Cable Technologies

Fiber optic cable uses lasers or light emitting diodes (LED?s) to transmit pulses of light down extremely find strands of silicon. Fiber optic cable can carry thousands of times more data than either electric signals or radio waves because light uses higher frequencies. Fiber technology is widely used for backbone connections and other heavy bandwidth areas. Strands of fiber optic cables also comprise the majority of trans-oceanic lines. Since the costly aspect of fiber cables is the actual laying of the cable and the termination equipment, it is typically installed in large bundled strands to accommodate future bandwidth needs. As technologies have improved, the price of the equipment has dropped and currently the cost of fiber rollout is approaching the cost of other wired networks. Another disadvantage is lack of flexibility of the cable due to which it can only withstand a limited amount of curves and bends, making installations in apartment buildings very difficult due to the additional attenuation loss. While most fiber optic cable is laid in the ground, Japanese companies such as NTT have started using aerial cables to connect homes. This decreases the costs of installation and makes use of existing power poles as anchors.[1]

2            Wireless Technologies

The potential of wireless technologies to provide telecommunications services in rural areas is recognized internationally. Wireless roll-out costs are significantly lower than wireline. In India, there has been an unprecedented growth of mobile services in the last few years. First generation (1G) systems used earlier provided low quality voice services and had capacity limitations. Subsequently, second Generation (2G) were developed using TDMA and CDMA Technology. 2G systems provide better voice quality, higher capacity, global roaming capability as well as lower power consumption. 2G systems also offer support for simple non-voice services like SMS. Certain limitations of 2G technologies are that different 2G technologies do not interoperate, roaming between different countries and the lower bit rate of 2G systems which cannot meet demands for new and faster non-voice services.

 

IMT-2000 / Third Generation Mobile Technologies - Despite concerted efforts at global standardization IMT-2000 has emerged with five possible radio interfaces based on three different access technologies (FDMA, TDMA and CDMA). Thus far, the vast majority of industry attention has been directed towards the CDMA technology and in particular wideband CDMA (W-CDMA), which is known in Europe as UMTS and CDMA2000, including CDMA2000 lx, which is widely deployed in Korea and Japan. Typically, 3G systems provide data rates at a minimum of 144 kbps for all radio environments and 2 Mbps in low mobility and indoor environments. As the technology and speeds improve, we should expect to see the prices for 3G data access decrease. In reality though, current 3G speeds are technically too slow and the technologies are only available in some countries.

 

2.2       Fixed Wireless Technologies

Fixed wireless systems use frequencies between 900 MHz to 40 GHz, with higher frequencies able to carry far more data but not able to travel as far as lower frequencies and often requiring line of sight. Higher frequencies also require more complex equipment that can be more expensive.

 

  • Multipoint microwave distribution system (MMDS) ?MMDS frequencies (2.1 GHz to 2.7 GHz) traditionally used to provide one-way, analogue wireless cable TV broadcast service are now being used for providing broadband services. This frequency range does not require line of sight. With MMDS, a transmitting tower must be placed at a high elevation and can provide high-speed data rates of up to 10 Mbps over a 48-56 km radius.

 

  • Local multipoint distribution system (LMDS) ? LMDS was originally designed for wireless digital television transmission. It occupies a large amount of spectrum above 20 GHz and can provide two-way broadband service including video, telephony and high-speed Internet access. The higher frequencies of LMDS require line of sight

 

  • 802.16 (WiMAX) ? WiMax (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) is a technology based on an evolving standard for point-to-multipoint wireless networking. Carriers can use WiMax to provide wireless Internet service via transceivers to users? antennas. WiMAX is faster and has a longer range than Wi-Fi, and is designed to interoperate with it. WiMAX equipment should be able to transmit 32 - 56 km with maximum data rates close to 70 Mbps. The higher frequencies in the range require line of sight. Unlike wireless LAN technologies in the 802.11 series, WiMAX is meant to be a high-speed wireless backbone, or middle-mile technology. IEE Communications Engineer magazine expects that WiMax will be used to provide broadband coverage, especially in rural areas; provide hotspot coverage like Wi-Fi, provide broadband cellular coverage, and flexible backhaul or targetted high bandwidth.

 

  • CorDECT[2] ? CorDECT is a WLL solution developed by the TeNeT group at IIT Chennai. The system provides internet access at 70 kbps, which drops to 35 kbps when a simultaneous phone conversation is in progress. The maximum distance that can be achieved in rural areas is 35 km, using an area relay base station (ARBS) which is 25 km away from a CBS and has a 10 km coverage radius of its own.

 

2.3              Satellite Technologies

While satellite connections are more expensive than other methods of delivery, they provide a viable option to rural and remote areas that have no other telecommunications options. However, while they offer worldwide coverage, they also suffer from latency (delay between a signal being sent and received) problems. The advantages of satellite-based services are well known for remote or hard to reach areas and in situations requiring high reliability or multi-casting communications. Typically, outside of clearance delays, commissioning high bandwidth satellite connectivity can take significantly less time than other forms of last mile access methods.[3] Satellite systems are also likely to be more reliable, more robust and easier to maintain than wired and terrestrial wireless systems. This is important for deployment in rural areas, especially in mountainous, jungle or desert terrain.[4] Satellite technologies also offer simplicity in network design. The downside includes security weaknesses, less bandwidth, higher latency and poorer signal quality. However, for point-to multipoint occasional use applications where bandwidth is required on a part-time basis satellite consistently proves more cost effective. It is also the only technology that boasts 99% coverage of world landmass. Satellite broadband connections were initially constrained to satellite communication for downloads and a dial-in connection for the upstream. However, new technology has allowed for two-way communication, meaning that all Internet communication can take place through a bi-directional satellite dish at the customer premises.

 

Wi-Fi

Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) is the wireless local area network standard based on the IEEE 802.11b specification. Wi-Fi uses unlicensed radio spectrum and does not require regulatory approval for individual deployment. Wi-Fi connections can deliver speeds of 10Mb/s to 54Mb/s within a range of about 150 feet for point-to-multipoint networks. Innovative implementations of the technology have led to point-to-point links of up to 20 kilometers. One of the most critical factors explaining this rapid growth is the use of unlicensed spectrum. Worldwide the Governments have recognized the potential of wireless technologies in facilitating penetration of telecom services especially in rural areas and has begun to open bands for use by Wi-Fi and it is important that this process continue.



[1] TRAI consultation paper on Accelerating Growth of Internet and Broadband Penetration

 

[2] TRAI?s consultation paper on Accelerating Growth of Internet and Broadband Penetration

 

[3] TRAI Recommendations on Accelerating Growth of Internet and Broadband Penetration, 2004

[4] Parker, E. B., Communication satellites for rural development, Telecommunications Policy, December 1978

 

Sapna SHARMA, Facilitator, Topic 5

Friday, December 09, 2005 12:30:39 PM (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments [3]  | 
 Monday, October 31, 2005

Document Submission Procedures
for E-discussion forum forQ10-1/2
"Communications for rural and remote areas"

10 October 2005

1 General
E-discussion forum for Question 10-1/2 on the topics as defined by ITU-D Doc. 2/283 Rev1
has been approved by the ITU-D SG2 meeting in September 2005 and will be conducted by
the support of the focal point for Question 10-1/2, i.e. the BDT Secretariat E-strategies
Unit-IsAP Programme 3.  It will continue until the next WTDC-06.
E-discussion forum will be mainly conducted via internet on the weblog page of ITU-D
website. To participate in the e-discussion forum, it is requested to register and submit their
names, e-mai address, etc. to the e-strategy unit of the ITU BDT by the application form as
attached. E-discussion forum is conducted by the following registered participants withthe
roles as defined below;facilitators, authors, general participants and the administrator.The
method of conducting the e-discussion and contact information for inquiries and posting
inputs are also given below.

Topic 1: Community Development
Topic 2: Developing Support for Small Businesses
Topic 3: Rural technology for Social infrastructure-
Topic 4: Emergency Support & Disaster Mitigation
Topic 5: Sustainability/Reliability/Effectiveness
Topic 6: Environmental Monitoring / Protection
Topic 7: Economical Viability
Topic 8: Any Other Comment

2 Facilitator
- Leads the discussion by contributing periodic entries(inputs) on his Topic and posting them
on the forum site.
- Checks comments given by participants on his/her entry.
- Reviews the documents contributed by Authors and post them on the forum site.
- Reviews and authorizes the documents contributed by Participants. Post the authorized
documents on the forum site.
- produces the final report on the topic of his/her responsibility as output of the
E-discussions.
- Coordinate with Administrator and members for the topic of his/her responsibility

3 Author
- Actively join the discussions by contributing entries. Authors are authorized to post the
entries, by sending them to the facilitator for the topic.

4 Participants
- Participants are registered members of the E-discussion forum for each topic.  They need to represent ITU-D members.

- Facilitators and Authors are also participants.

- Participants read the entries for each topic and make comments and send them to the facilitators concerned or may post them directly on the forum page concerned. Participant may, if so wishes,  also contribute a full input by sending his document to the topic Facilitator for his review, approval and posting as an entry.

5 Administrator
- Coordinate the activities with Facilitators, ITU BDT E-strategies Unit and Rapporteur,  for
smooth running of the E-discussion forum, including the maintenance  of weblog software.

6 Method of posting entries(Inputs)

At the start, we will use the method (1), a manual method, which is the easiest for Facilitator. 
Other methods could be used as options to choose by Facilitator, when they are available
without problems.(at this moment they are being tested)

Alternative 1)  Posting by Administrator
- Facilitator simply sends the document by e-mail to Administrator at:
yukio.miyoshi@itu.int
- The document should contain at the end, the writer's name and the document
category(ies); it will be used to classify the document by Administrator

Alternative 2)  Direct posting by Facilitator
- Facilitator accesses the weblog software and log in for posting the document.
- Facilitator will be given the log-in name and password.

7 Access to the site
To access the e-discussion weblog site, log in at either of the following URLs from your
browser.


http://www.itu.int/ituweblogs/ITU-D-SG2-Q10/

http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/study_groups/SGP_2002-2006/SG2/Edis/

8 Topic Categories
All the entries(inputs) are classified into categories: topic1 to topic8. There is a category
"notices" for administrative entries.

Category "Q10" is the general category, which is related from topic1 to topic8.

To see only the entries on a particular topic, click that topic on the right hand side.

9 To return to home page(HP)
To go back to the home page, click the title "ITU-D Study Group 2 Question 10".

10 Making comments online
Click "comment" under each entry, then type in your name, e-mail address and your
comment on the entry.

Then type in the 5-letter code displayed at the left end, and click the submit button.
(note: at this moment, when click the submit button, some error message appears.
Disregard it and click return button of the browser and continue. Your comment has been
properly sent.)

11 Submitting your entry to facilitator
By the permission and possible editing by the facilitator, you could put your observation or
opinion as an entry. Please send your document by e-mail to the topic facilitator. The list of
facilitators is on the forum site with category = notice.

--------------------------
For registration form, click here.

-------------------------

Administrator

Monday, October 31, 2005 4:02:20 PM (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #    Comments [1]  |